Cryptocurrency Fraud , Fraud Management & Cybercrime
NFT Developer Charged in $2.9 Million Fraud SchemeProsecutors Say 24-Year-Old Mutant Ape Planet Promoter Tricked Investors
U.S. authorities in New York arrested a French national residing in the United Arab Emirates and charged him with defrauding buyers of Mutant Ape Planet NFTs, a type of digital asset, saying he swindled investors out of more than $2.9 million.
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Authorities detained Aurelien Michel, 24, on Wednesday at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York. He is charged with fraud for allegedly perpetrating a $2.9 million rug pull.
A rug pull is a fraud in which the creator of non-fungible tokens or other digital assets solicits investments from unsuspecting victims, only to abandon the project abruptly and retain the investors' funds.
In the scheme, Michel promoted Mutant Ape Planet NFTs to purchasers with the false promise of numerous rewards and benefits designed to increase demand for their newly acquired assets and increase the NFT's value.
"None of the promised benefits were provided. Instead, millions worth of the NFT purchasers' cryptocurrency was diverted for Michel's personal benefit," the U.S. Justice Department says.
'The Community Went Way Too Toxic'
According to the criminal complaint, the Homeland Security Investigations Dark Web and Cryptocurrency Task Force has been investigating this scheme since April 2022.
Mutant Ape Planet NFTs are a form of digital asset that can be purchased, sold and transferred on the ethereum blockchain. Each Mutant Ape Planet NFT was unique and gave the purchaser exclusive ownership of the NFT.
"The NFTs were marketed with promises of exclusive benefits potential purchasers would receive," the court document says. "Those benefits included exclusive opportunities for additional investments, giveaways, merchandise and other rewards."
When the purchasers grew suspicious, Michel, operating under the pseudonym "James," admitted to the rug pull on the MAP Discord, the court document says. He said he "never intended to rug but the community went way too toxic" and that this "behavior led to this."
Michel allegedly accessed Discord servers using IP addresses that were assigned by the UAE provider.
"Michel can no longer blame the NFT community for his criminal behavior. His arrest means he will now face the consequences of his own actions," says Thomas Fattorusso, acting special agent-in-charge with the Internal Revenue Service-Criminal Investigation, New York.
A Repeat Offender?
Blockchain investigator ZachXBT claimed that Michel also pulled the rug in the well-known Crazy Camels and Fashion Ape NFT collections.
ZachXBT found Michel's CEX address named in the court document by following the 356.44 ETH transaction going out from the Mutant Ape Planet smart contracts and found that team members of Fashion Ape NFT received $1.1 million from holders, while Crazy Camels received $1.6 million.
In 2021, rug pulls accounted for 37% of all cryptocurrency scam revenue, or $2.8 million worth of cryptocurrency, compared to just 1% in 2020, according to a report from blockchain research firm Chainalysis.
In March 2022, two 20-year-olds were arrested and charged in Los Angeles, California, for conspiring to commit wire fraud and launder money as part of a million-dollar scheme involving NFTs. Both the charges carry a maximum sentence of 20 years in prison (see: 20-Year-Olds Charged in NFT 'Rug Pull' Scam Case).