HHS Seeks Speedy OK of Breach RuleHealth Insurance Exchanges Would Face 1-Hour Deadline
The Department of Health and Human Services is seeking speedy approval of its controversial proposal to require state health insurance exchanges to report data breaches within one hour of discovery.
In an Aug. 21 notice in the Federal Register, HHS' Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services asks the Office of Management and Budget, which reviews the impact of regulations, to approve the proposal by Sept. 25, followed by a 180-day comment period. State health insurance exchanges, a key component of federal healthcare reform, are slated to begin operations for open enrollment by Oct. 1.
The breach notification requirement was originally unveiled June 19 as part of a lengthy proposed rule governing health insurance exchanges (see: 60 Minutes to Report a Breach?).
"We are requesting an emergency review ... because public harm is reasonably likely to result if the normal clearance procedures are followed," the Aug. 21 notice states. Without the emergency approval, "a significant number of incidents will not be detected, therefore causing harm and potential risk [of] ... identity fraud."
Critics of the proposal, including independent security consultant Tom Walsh, say it's unrealistic. "It's far different from some state laws, and the [HIPAA] healthcare breach notification rule, which wants the notification as soon as possible, or 'without unreasonable delay,' but no later than 60 days," he notes.
"The investigation of any type of reported incident or possible breach takes time," Walsh adds. "Those responding to the incident must be careful not to accidentally alter or destroy forensic data. The simple act of rebooting a computer could alter the audit trail and the investigation. Heck, it could easily take an hour just to assemble a knowledgeable incident response team."
Conducting a thorough and accurate investigation typically takes one week, on average, Walsh says.
Curt Kwak, CIO of the Washington state health insurance exchange, said in a recent interview: "From my perspective, I don't believe this will become final because we don't believe it's realistic." He added: "This level of ruling will force us to be less efficient and most likely impact the usability of the system and our ability to support the system as well."
But if the requirement, in fact, goes into effect, Kwak says his state's health insurance exchange will adjust. "We will obviously need to augment our staff and tighten our environment even more," he says, "but that will probably constrict the operation efficiency of our environment."